DFHack development overview

DFHack has various components; this page provides an overview of some. If you are looking to develop a tool for DFHack, developing a script or plugin is likely the most straightforward choice.

Other pages that may be relevant include:


DFHack plugins are written in C++ and located in the plugins folder. Currently, documentation on how to write plugins is somewhat sparse. There are templates that you can get use to get started in the plugins/skeleton folder, and the source code of existing plugins can also be helpful.

If you want to compile a plugin that you have just added, you will need to add a call to DFHACK_PLUGIN in plugins/CMakeLists.txt.

Plugins have the ability to make one or more commands available to users of the DFHack console. Examples include 3dveins (which implements the 3dveins command) and reveal (which implements reveal, unreveal, and several other commands).

Plugins can also register handlers to run on every tick, and can interface with the built-in enable and enable commands. For the full plugin API, see the skeleton plugins or PluginManager.cpp.

Installed plugins live in the hack/plugins folder of a DFHack installation, and the load family of commands can be used to load a recompiled plugin without restarting DF.

See DFHack Plugins for a list of all plugins included in DFHack.


DFHack scripts can currently be written in Lua or Ruby. The Lua API is more complete and currently better-documented, however. Referring to existing scripts as well as the API documentation can be helpful when developing new scripts.

Scripts included in DFHack live in a separate scripts repository. This can be found in the scripts submodule if you have cloned DFHack, or the hack/scripts folder of an installed copy of DFHack.


The DFHack core has a variety of low-level functions. It is responsible for hooking into DF (via SDL), providing a console, and providing an interface for plugins and scripts to interact with DF.


A lot of shared code to interact with DF in more complicated ways is contained in modules. For example, the Units module contains functions for checking various traits of units, changing nicknames properly, and more. Generally, code that is useful to multiple plugins and scripts should go in the appropriate module, if there is one.

Several modules are also exposed to Lua, although some functions (and some entire modules) are currently only available in C++.

Remote access interface

DFHack provides a remote access interface that external tools can connect to and use to interact with DF. See DFHack Remote Interface for more information.